Services and Treatments

Counselling and Psychotherapy

Counselling tends to focus on short term treatment plans over a period of 6 to 12 weeks. The focus tends to be in the here-and-now, thus not necessarily delving into the client’s childhood. The aim of the counselling is usually to help individuals explore different ways of managing their emotional issues using solution focused and cognitive behaviour techniques, which in return empowers the client to take control over how they manage their mental health.

Psychotherapy, on the other hand, focuses on longer term treatment plans (from 12 weeks onwards) for individuals that present with acute psychological disturbances. It aims to help the client gain an insight and understanding of their psychological distress. This often involves exploring and examining client's lived experiences from childhood to adulthood in a structured way, which allows the client to feel safe and build trust in the therapist.

The overall aim of counselling/psychotherapy is to provide a safe, non-judgemental environment that gives an individual the opportunity to explore and examine their problematic situations causing emotional disturbances in their life.

The therapeutic relationship between the therapist and client is paramount in order to work through emotional issues. In return, it helps to improve individual recovery and enhances positive mental health.


 

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
 
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that helps individuals manage challenging lived experiences by changing individuals thought processes and behaviour. CBT is often used to treat anxiety and depression, however, CBT can be useful for other psychological problems. Usually, CBT deals with current issues rather than focusing on the past. Notwithstanding this, CBT can be integrated into psychotherapy as a tool.

As a therapist, I explore and examine how clients thoughts, beliefs and attitudes affect the way they feel and behave and teach alternative coping skills for dealing with different lived experiences. Doing so, allows clients to take control of managing distressing situations that once made them possibly feel as though they were losing control.



Psychodynamic Counselling 

Psychodynamic Counselling focuses on making the unconscious becoming more conscious, drawing on theories and practices of psychoanalysis. It reveals the unconscious content of a client's psyche in the effort to alleviate psychic tension. Insofar, the therapeutic model helps clients understand, resolve or manage their problems by increasing awareness of their lifeworlds and its influence over relationships both past and present. During sessions, I delve into clients historical lived experiences and uncover how those experiences re-manifests in repetitive patterns in the present. As clients gain awareness and understanding it is at this point clients begin to reslove or manage their unpleasant situation.



 
Eye Movement desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

 
EMDR is a treatment tool I incorporate in psychotherapy when working with clients who have experienced life threatening or disturbing event. For example, involvement in a road traffic accident, victim of domestic violence, sexual or physical abuse, sudden death, etc.

The National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines recommend EMDR as an appropriate treatment for people who are diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and/or experiencing traumatic reactions, such as anxiety, panic attacks, anger, guilt, insomnia, hyper vigilance, flashbacks etc.




What is trauma?

Trauma is a very stressful incident or event that many people perceive as a threat to their entire existence, physically and psychologically. Such as, people who have been involved in wars, acts of terrorism, road traffic accidents, childhood abuse, sexual abuse and domestic violence. In such cases people can become emotionally overwhelmed, which the brain struggles to assimilate and as a result impacts on how people function day to day.
 
Many disturbing experiences can become frozen and stored in the brain in the original footage. This footage can often be played back in nightmares and flashbacks. According to NICE guidelines people may experience symptoms for a period of 4 – 6 weeks. However, should symptoms persist after 6 weeks it is advised that you contact your GP.

The following symptoms are:

•Dreams and nightmares about traumatic types of events that resemble the original trauma
•Mild to moderate anxiety
•Depressive symptoms
•Panic attacks
•Insomnia
•Fear
•Lack of concentration
•Intrusive thoughts
•Hyper vigilance 
•Avoidance - avoiding places and people that have direct association with the original trauma for fear of’ reawaken bad memories.
•Difficulties remembering the actual events of the original traumatizing episode
•May experience feelings of irritability, anger, guilt, shame, low tolerance

The common problems that can occur after truama is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Depression

PTSD: can develop after going through a life-threatening situation. Individuals who are diagnosed with PTSD often find themselves thinking over and over about what happened and avoid people or situations that are a reminder of the trauma. 

Depression: involves feeling low and sad more days than not. In this state of mind, many people become socially withdrawn and ruminate over negative thoughts and lose interest in activities that were once enjoyable.  Some people also experience a sense of hopelessness and total despair that often can lead to suicidal thoughts or attempts.

 
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